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??? ??: Africa is second largest continent in size and the second largest continent in population.

The African continent is located mainly in the Eastern Hemisphere and to the major part in the Northern Hemisphere.

Did you know that Africa is bigger than the USA, Canada and India together? Africa covers an area larger than 30 million square kilometres/ 11.7 million square miles!

?. There are ?? ????????? ?? ?????? – and 9 dependent territories.

???? ???? ?.? ??????? people live on the African continent. This means about 15% of the world’s total population live in Africa!



?. ??????? ???????: Algeria. This country is among the ten largest countries in the world.

The most populous country in Africa, however, is Nigeria, with more than 219 million people, but the country is only a third of the size of Algeria.

?. ??????? ????: Lagos in Nigeria.

With more than 22 million inhabitants, Lagos is also one of the biggest metropolitan cities in the world and is estimated to become the world’s largest city by 2100 with more than 100 million inhabitants!

?. ???????? ???????: Seychelles, which is an archipelago (nation of islands) in the Indian Ocean.

On the African mainland, the smallest country is The Gambia.

?. ??????? ??????: Madagascar in the Indian Ocean.

Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world – after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo.


?. ??????? ?????: Nile (6,852 km/ 4,258 miles). The Nile is the longest river in the world and passes through eleven countries.

The Nile has two sources: The White Nile coming from Lake Victoria in Tanzania and the Blue Nile coming from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The river mouth is in Egypt. The confluence in Khartoum/Sudan.

?. ??????? ????????: Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. Mount Kilimanjaro has three volcanic cones and the highest volcanic cone of them is called ‘Kibo’.

The highest peak is called ‘Uhuru Peak’ with 5,895 m/ 19,340 ft.

The mountain is located in the Tanzanian highlands at the border to Kenya. Mount Kilimanjaro can only be climbed from the Tanzanian side but can even be seen from Nairobi, the capital of Kenya.

?. ??????? ????: Lake Victoria (bordering Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya) is also the world’s second largest freshwater lake.

Only Lake Superior in North America is bigger!

?. ?????? ?????: The Sahara in northern Africa is the largest hot desert in the world.

The climate is extremely dry (arid) in this region. Read more about the world’s deserts here.

??. There are sixteen ?????????? ????????? in Africa. These countries are all located in the interior of the continent and have neither access to the Atlantic Ocean nor to the Indian Ocean.

Two of these landlocked countries, the tiny countries of Eswatini and Lesotho, are located within South Africa.

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